A Qualitative Study on Steering of Education Accreditation: With Case Study on Korean Medicine Education

Article information

J Korean Med. 2019;40(3):21-34
Publication date (electronic) : 2019 September 30
doi : https://doi.org/10.13048/jkm.19025
1Seoul National University
2Institute of Korean Medicine Education and Evaluation
Correspondence to: 신상우(한국한의학교육평가원), Tel: +82-2-2659-1141, Fax: +82-2-2659-1142, E-mail: swshin@swshin.com
Received 2019 July 17; Revised 2019 August 5; Accepted 2019 August 6.



The purpose of this article is to develop steering of program accreditation system in Korean Medicine Education through meta-evaluation. For this study, the subjects of our research were categorized as the accreditation criteria and system, results and effects, tasks for improvement on Korean Medicine Education.


We conducted Focus Group Interview on 102 full-time professors with experience of participating on accreditation of Korean Medicine Education from 12 college of Korean Medicine Education and we analyzed it by thematic analysis.


The accreditation criteria and program evaluation system of Korean Medicine were listed as ‘Confusion about the goals of program evaluation’, ‘High hurdles on accreditation’, ‘obsession to success cases’, ‘Small college complaints about applying the same criteria’, ‘Dilemma of quantitative and qualitative evaluation’. The results and effects of program evaluation in Korean Medicine Education were listed as ‘Establishment of base infrastructure for basic medical education’, ‘Benchmarking and exchanging opinions through evaluation certification’, ‘Resistance to documents and document-based evaluation’, and ‘Double-sided of evaluation certification’. As for the tasks for further improvement, the following list is suggested. ‘Actively promote evaluation certification’, ‘Simplification and standardization of forms’, ‘Requesting for activating about Evaluation committee’, ‘Need for consulting before regular evaluation’.


It is necessary to upgrade the accreditation system and make efforts to improve the issues discovered for better Korean Medicine Education.

information of participant

Main Question for interview


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Article information Continued

Table 1

information of participant

Name of Univ. Interview time Number of Participant (Appointed Professor) Number of Participant (General Professor)
A University 2.5 hour 2 4
B University 2 hour 2 6
C University 1.5 hour 1 3
D University 2 hour 2 6
E University 1.5 hour 2 19
F University 2 hour 2 4
G University 1.5 hour 2 16
H University 2 hour 2 1
I University 2 hour 2 13
J University 2 hour 2 4
K University 1.5 hour 2 4
L University - - 1(written opinion)
Total 20.5 21 81

Table 2

Main Question for interview

Section Main Questions
Accreditation criteria and system in Korean Medicine program 1. Application issues on Korean Medicine Program Accreditation in Korean Medicine Education field (1st cycle / 2nd cycle)
2. Additional suggestion on Accreditation criteria and system for Accreditation of Korean Medicine Program
3. Issues of procedure on Korean Medicine Program Accreditation
Effects on Accreditation of Korean Medicine Program 4. Positive and Negative Effects of Accreditation of Korean Medicine Program
Assignment for improvement on Korean Medicine Program & Accreditation system 5. Other opinions for improvement on Korean Medicine Program and Accreditation system